Consumer complaints about spiraling bank overdraft fees helped to spur a change in government banking regulations regarding debit and ATM cards. These regulations went into effect on August 15, 2010 and impact more than 500 million debit cards in circulation in the United States.
Q: How did the legislation change the way banks handle overdrafts?
A: Before the 2010 regulations went into effect, banks generally covered insufficient funds automatically and charged their customers overdraft fees of up to $39 per transaction. If a customer continued to operate with insufficient funds, the bank would decline transactions and close the account, but often not before the customer experienced some real financial damage as a result of having to pay overdraft fees.
Under the current regulations, overdraft coverage is not automatic. Consumers must specifically “opt in” if they want the bank to cover any overdrafts if there are insufficient funds in the account.
Q: I’m a consumer. What must I do under the current regulations about overdraft coverage?
A: Under the new rules, you must let the bank know if you want the bank to cover any ATM withdrawals or debit card purchases that would cause an overdraft. If you do not “opt-in” for overdraft coverage, the bank will decline your purchase or deny the ATM withdrawal. While this may save you from being charged costly overdraft fees, it could cause embarrassment at a checkout-line. If you do choose to opt-in to receive overdraft coverage, and you make a purchase with insufficient funds in the account, you are suject to the bank's overdraft fee.
Q: Are there other ways I can get overdraft protection?
A: Some banks offer a line-of-credit or allow you to link your savings account to your checking account to cover overdrafts. Although there may be a cost for these services, it can be less expensive than standard overdraft fees.
Q: Do banks provide overdraft coverage for automatic payments under the current regulations?
A: Current rules do not cover automatic payments that consumers may have set up for paying bills such as a mortgage, rent or utilities. Any of these payments that result in an overdraft will be subject to the bank’s policies. Contact your bank about its policy regarding automatic payment overdrafts.
Q: How can I best avoid overdraft charges?
A: The best way to avoid overdraft charges is to always know what is in your account. Too many consumers don't know their actual balance at any given time. It is important for everyone using that account to update the check register daily. If you have automatic payments being debited, list those at the beginning of the month or pay period when they are being deducted so you are accounting for those withdrawals. Also, remember to include any fees that might be assessed if you are using an ATM. A few dollars here and there that are not accounted for could add up to an overdraft problem. Regularly check your account through your bank's online access system to ensure your register is accurate.
The following tips can help you eliminate overdraft fees.
• Remember that your true account balance is in your check register, not on your ATM slip.
• Keep track of all deposits, withdrawal slips and purchase receipts and record them in your check register.
• Know your checking account balance before you make a debit card purchase or ATM withdrawal.
• Balance your account at least once a month.
• Consider putting “ghost” funds in your checking account without recording it in your register (but make note of it so you don’t forget to account for the ghost funds when you balance your account).
• Talk to your bank representative about how you can avoid all potential overdraft situations.
This “Law You Can Use” column was provided by the Ohio State Bar Association (OSBA). It was otiginally prepared by Richard S. Korn, formerly of the National Affairs Group, Apprisen Financial Advocates/Consumer Credit Counseling in Columbus. It was updated by Ram Mayekar of Apprisen.